have the folly to do sth / of doing sth的用法值得商榷





I had the folly to trust such a man. 我真愚蠢,竟相信这样的人。  

= I had the folly of trusting such a man.  

笔者认为句中 folly 的用法有两点值得商榷:一是 have是否可以与folly搭配?二是have the folly是否可以接 to do sthof doing sth作后置定语?  

1. have是否可以与folly搭配?  

(1) Jonathan Crowther Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English (外语教学与研究出版社 20037月第1) P318

folly lack of good judgement  VERB+FOLLY  realize, recognize, see, demonstrate,  show, underline

(2) () 市川繁治郎主编《英语搭配大辞典》(外语教学与研究出版社200610月第1)P724

folly <动词+>  commit (a) folly | denounce sb’s folly |  I realize my folly. | We have seen the folly of such a course.  


folly V commit a folly counterfeit follydenounce sb’s follyhint at sb’s follyThe government persisted in its folly. We have seen the folly of such a course.Smith smiled at his own folly.  

(4)郭杰克主编《当代英语搭配大词典》(高等教育出版社 200211月第1)P687

folly V argue against the folly of the hesitationcommit a follycounterfeit follyHer beauty deluded me to folly.denounce sb’s follyThe government persisted in its folly.The old man smiled sadly as he remembered the follies of his youth. She seduced him into folly.We have seen the folly of such a course.Please talk to her about the folly of quitting school.

(5) 朱榕贞主编《最新英语句型搭配词典》(四川人民出版社 20046 月第1)P518

folly [+] commit a folly  counterfeit folly  

(6)BUY-BNC BRTISH NATIONAL CORPUS (UK,1980s-1993) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University ) http://corpus.byu.edu/bnc/ 上搜索“[V?] the folly”动词+the folly”共得到28个不同的动词形式(如seesaw属于两个不同的动词形式)与“the folly”搭配的38个例句,但没有一例包含“havehashadhaving”“the folly”的搭配例句。  

(7)The CORPUS OF CONTEMPORAY AMERICAN ENGLISH (1990-2012) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University) http://www.americancorpus.org/上搜索“[V?] the folly”动词+the folly”共得到61个不同的动词形式(如seesaw属于两个不同的动词形式)与“the folly”搭配的104个例句,而仅有一例包含“had”“the folly”的搭配例句:Each contributed to the rise of systematic theology in the Christian faith, what Aldous Huxley called that " busy fantasy of jurists, " men who were " so far from having transcended selfness and the prejudices of education that they had the folly and presumption to interpret the universe in terms of the Jewish and Roman law with which they happened to be familiar, " and who in the process well ruined the best of what Jesus's teaching had to offer.  

通过以上例证可知,have几乎不与the folly搭配。 


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