make sure后接that从句中的时态

 

——兼谈make sure后接that从句中的能否用将来时

 

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一、

make sure的含义

一般词典认为make sure有以下两个含义,且都可以后接that从句:

(1) Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (English•Chinese) (Fourth Edition) (光盘版): make sure:

to find out if something is true or to check that something has been done. 弄清楚,查明

to do sth so that you can be certain of the result.  设法确保

(2)《柯林斯COBUILD高阶英汉双解学习词典》(外语教学与研究出版社 20117月第1)P2669:

If you make sure that something is done, you take action so that it is done.  一定要;设法保证

If you make sure that something is the way you want or expect it to be,, you check that it is that way.  查明;核实;弄清

(3)《麦克米伦高阶英汉双解词典》 (杨信彰等译   外语教学与研究出版社  200510月第1 )P2114:

to check something so that you can be sure about it.查明;弄清楚

to take the action necessary to be sure that something will happen or be done.(采取必要行动) 确保

(4)《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》(7) (商务印书馆 2009 4月第3) P2032:

to do sth in order to be certain sth else happens.查明;弄清楚

to take the action necessary to be sure that something will happen or be done.(采取必要行动) 确保

 

二、

make sure后接that从句中的时态

1. make sure后接that从句中可以用一般时。如

(1) Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (English•Chinese) (Fourth Edition) (光盘版): make sure: 

查明  

I wanted to make sure you were all right.

First, make sure the printer has enough paper in it.

设法确保

I’ll walk you home, just to make sure no one bothers you.

(2)《柯林斯COBUILD高阶英汉双解学习词典》(外语教学与研究出版社 20117月第1)P2669:

一定要;设法保证

Make sure that you follow the instructions careefully…

He wants to make sure that the schools are committed to providing alternative aducation.

查明;核实;弄清

He looked into the bathroom to make sure that he was alone…

Before you cut the cloth, make sure that the pattern matches up on the edges.

(3)《麦克米伦高阶英汉双解词典》 (杨信彰等译外语教学与研究出版社  200510月第1 )P2114:

查明;弄清楚

I just wanted to make sure that you knew where to go.

采取必要行动) 确保

Police were there to make sure there was no voilence.

(4)《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》(7) (商务印书馆 2009 4月第3) P2032:

确保

Make sure (that) no one finds out about this.

Our staff will do their best to make sure you enjoy your visit.

查明;弄清楚

She looked around to make sure that she was alone.

(5)张柏然主编《新时代英汉大词典》(商务印书馆 20044月第1) P2367:

查明确保

He went to the door to make sure that it was locked.

To make sure the letter was delivered to the adressee, I registered it.

(6)简清国主编《建宏۰外研社英汉多功能词典》(外语与教学研究出版社19971月第1)P1506:

查明

Will you make sure (that) he returned?.

确保

Make sure (that) you pick me up at five.

(7)张道真编著的《现代英语用法词典》(重排本) (外语教学与研究出版社199410月第1)P1466:

Please make sure that the door is properly locked.

I will make sure that the letter leaves tonight.

Father makes sure that all the lights are off before he goes to bed.

 

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