一、“及物动词+ doing”结构归纳

1. began doing sth 开始做某事。如:

He began doing this job last year. 他去年开始做这工作。

He began teaching English at the age of 25. 25岁开始教英语。

2. do doing 做某事。如:

Does he do (the, any) cooking? 他做饭吗?

I did much washing yesterday. 我昨天洗了很多衣服。

3. enjoy doing sth 喜爱(喜欢)做某事。如:

He enjoys listening to music. 他喜欢听音乐。

She enjoys helping her parents with the housework. 她喜欢帮她母亲做家务。

4. finish doing sth 做完(完成)某事。如:

Have you finished reading the book? 这本书你读完了吗?

There was a deadly silence after she finished speaking. 她说完话后是一片沉默。

5. forget doing sth 忘记曾做过某事。如:

I forgot telling her the news. 我忘了曾告诉过她这个消息。

I shall never forget hearing her singing that song. 我永远不会忘记她唱那首歌的情景。

6. go doing sth 做户外运动(体育和业余娱乐)。如:

We often go swimming together. 我们经常一起去游泳。

Let’s go boating this afternoon. 我们今天下午去划船吧。

7. keep doing sth 一直在做某事。如:

They kept talking about it. 他们一直在谈论此事。

My shoe laces keep coming undone. 我的鞋带老是松开。

8. like [love] doing sth 喜欢做某事。如:

I like watching TV. 我喜欢看电视。

He likes travelling alone. 他喜欢单独旅行。

9. mind doing sth 介意做某事。如:

I don’t mind being poor. 我对贫困不在乎。

We don’t mind waiting. 我们不介意等候。

10. practise doing sth 练习做某事。如:

The boy practise playing the piano every day. 这男孩每天练习弹钢琴。

They are practising singing the new song. 他们正在练习唱新歌。

11. prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事,更喜欢做某事。如:

I prefer walking alone. 我喜欢一个人溜达。

He prefers swimming to riding as a sport. 作为一项运动项目,他更喜欢游泳而不是骑马。

12. regret doing sth 后悔(遗憾)做了某事。如:

She never regretted doing this. 她从没后悔这样做过。

I regret not coming earlier. 我后悔没有来早点。

13. remember doing sth 记住做过某事。如:

I remember seeing her somewhere. 我记得在哪里见过她。

Remember paying him. 记住已经付给他钱了。

14. stop doing sth 停止做某事。如:

He is trying to stop smoking. 他在设法戒烟。

Hearing her husband come in she stopped crying. 听见她丈夫进了来,她就不哭了。

15. try doing sth 做某事试试看(有何效果)。如:

Let’s try knocking at the back door. 咱们敲敲后门试试。

Try phoning his home number. 给他家里打个电话试试。


1. How (What) about doing sth 询问消息或征求意见。如:

How about having a cup of tea? 喝杯茶怎么样?

How about going out for a walk? 出去走走如何?

2. spend…(in) doing sth 花费(时间或金钱)做某事。如:

Don’t spend such a lot of time in dressing yourself. 别花那么多时间来打扮(自己)

He spent quite a lot of time doing that. 他花了不少时间做那事。

3. feel like doing sth 感觉想要做某事。如:

I don’t feel like going to the movies. 我不想去看电影。

I don’t feel like cooking. Let’s eat out. 我不想做饭,我们出去吃吧。

4.stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事。如:

Her parents tried to stop her from seeing him. 她父母不让她见他。

If I can stop them from going there, I’ll do it. 要是我能够阻止他们去那里,我会这样做的。

5. look forward to doing sth 期待(希望)做某事。如:

We’re looking forward to hearing from you. 我们盼望收到你的来信。

I’m looking forward to seeing him again. 我盼望能再见到他。

6. be afraid of doing sth 担心会发生某事或某情况。如:

She was afraid of waking her husband. 她怕吵醒她丈夫。

I was afraid of hurting her feelings. 我怕伤害她的感情。

7. be good at doing sth 擅长做某事。例如:

She is good at telling stories. 她擅长讲故事。

He’s good at drawing. 他擅长画图。

8. have difficulty (in) doing sth 做某事有困难。如:

We have much difficulty in understanding what he says. 我们要理解他说的话有不少困难。

I had the greatest difficulty in persuading him. 为了说服他,我费了好大的力气。

9. be fond of doing sth 喜欢做某事。如:

He is very fond of playing the piano. 他很喜欢弹钢琴。

She is fond of going to the cinema. 她喜欢看电影。

10. thank sb for doing sth 因某事感谢某人。如:

Thank you for telling me. 谢谢你告诉我。

I must write and thank her for sending me the check. 我一定写信感谢她给我寄来了支票。

11. be busy (in) doing sth 忙于做某事。例如:

She was busy writing letters. (当时)她正忙着写信。

He’s busy getting ready for the journey. 他正忙于上路。

12. be used to doing sth 习惯于做某事。例如:

She is used to getting up early. 她习惯于早起。

He is used to looking after himself. 他已习惯于自己照顾自己。