并列连词and用法归纳

 

1. 表示累加,其意为“和”“又”“而且”。如:

Oil and water will not mix. 油和水没法混在一起。

Silk feels soft and smooth. 绸缎摸起来柔软光滑。

I grew excited, and a little frightened. 我变得很激动,也有点害怕。

2. 表示结果,意为“因此”,与so的用法比较接近。如:

He fell heavily and broke his arm. 他摔得很重,手臂都摔断了。

3. 表示条件,相当于ifthen,含有“如果……那么……”的意味。如:

Do that again and I’ll call a policeman. 你再这样做我就要叫警察了。

Go at once, and you will catch up with them. 快去,那样你就会赶上他们。

4. 表示连续,既可表示一种连续不断的状态,也可以表示一个动作完成之后连续做另一个动作。如:

The train ran faster and faster. 火车开得越来越快。

He finished lunch and went shopping. 他吃完午饭而后去买东西。

5.表示两个接挨着发生动作,意思是“然后,接着又”。如:

They kissed and said goodbye. 他们亲吻后就说了再见。

She read for an hour and went to bed. 她读了1小时的书,然后就去睡了。

6.用于连接两个相同的词语,表连续性或程度的加深,意思是“一再地,重复地,继续增加地”。如:

cough and cough 咳个不停

It’s getting colder and colder. 天气愈来愈冷了。

7.用在少数动词后表目的。如:

Come and have tea with me. 过来和我一起喝杯茶。

He stopped and bought some flowers. 他停下来买了些花。

8.表示两个数相加。如:

5 and 5 makes 10. 55等于10

9. 表示对比或转折,含有“尽管……还”的意味。如:

Tom’s 15 and still sucks his thumb. 汤姆15岁了,还嘬大拇指。

He aimed at the bird and missed it. 他瞄准那只鸟却没打中。

注意以下各句有无and的差别:

It being fine, we went out for a walk. = It was fine, and we went out for a walk. 天气很好,我们出去散步了。

In the classroom there are five people, the teacher included.=In the classroom there are five people, and the teacher is included. 教室里包括老师有5个人。

He bought a lot of books, most of which are about history. = He bought a lot of books, and most of them are about history. 他买了很多书,其中大多数是关于历史的。

 

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