make oneself understand还是make oneself understood
I found I could easily make myself _________ by using sign language.
A. understood B. understand C. to understand D. being understood
答案选A，但容易误选B，即硬套“make + 名词或代词 + 动词原形”这一结构。但是对于该结构同学们忽略了一点，就是该结构中的名词或代词应与其后动词有逻辑上的主谓关系，而对于上面一题，myself 与其后的动词 understand 显然不是主谓关系，而是动宾关系，或者说是被动关系，故此时的动词应用过去分词表被动。又如：
(1) As a teacher, you should make yourself _________.
A. respect B. respecting C. respected D. to respect
(2) He spoke loudly so as to make his voice _________.
A. hear B. hearing C. heard D. to hear
(3) Do you know what made her so _________?
A. frighten B. frightening C. frightened D. to frighten
(4) When you speak English, be sure to make yourself _________.
A. understand B. understanding C. understood D. to understand
答案均选C，即用过去分词表示被动意义（其中 frightened 可视为形容词）。