alike能不能用very修饰

陈根花(长沙)

前面有网友提问:alike能不能用very修饰?

老师说,alike不能用very修饰,但我在书看到这样一个句子:

Tom and his friend are very alike.

这个怎么解释?

原问题见:https://www.cpsenglish.com/question/46443

国内出版的有些惯用法词典仍沿用一些过时的用法,没有与时俱进。网友上面的这个问题就是比较典型的一个例子。比如《薄冰英语惯用法词典》在alike词条就认为:

alike意为相像,是表语形容词,前面不可用very修饰,应说much alikevery much alike,用very muchmuch普遍。例如:

The father and the son are alike, both being early risers. 父子俩很相像,都爱早起。

Mother and daughter are very much alike in their fear of snakes. 母女两人在怕蛇方面是一模一样。

但事实上,这一观点已经很过时了,许多介绍英语用法的原版辞书早就修正了这一观点,比如Michael Swan的《英语用法指南》(Practical English Usage, 1980)在其第1版中就指出:有人认为very alike这种说法是不对的,一定要说very much。其实,very alike在受过教育的人使用的语言里也是常见的。

事实上,very alike 的用法不仅在阅读中随处可见,而且早已被各类英语辞典和语法著作所收录:

She and her sister are very alike. (Longman Dictionary of American English, 4th edition, 2008)

We looked very alike. (Collins COBUILD Advanced Dictionary of English, 2009)

The children all look very alike. (Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary; 4th Edition, 2013)

Bill and Tom are very alike. (A Practical English Grammar, 4th Edition,1986)

The two boys are very alike. (Oxford American Dictionary for Learners of English, 2011)

The correspondences are interesting; the two sets of information are very alike. (Longman Lexicon of Contemporary English,1992)

完整内容请查看:https://www.cpsenglish.com/article/124

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